Doris Lee, Ph.D.

Professor of Instructional Systems

Education

Expertise

    • Systematic instruction and training programs design
    • Computer-based instruction design and development
    • Hypermedia and multimedia learning models
    • Cognitive learning theories
    • Adult learning characteristics

Professional Activities

     

    • Doctoral Committee, Alvin Yu, Dept. of Tourism, Penn State, University Park, 2004-2008; William Paletski, Dept. of Training Design and Development, Penn State, Harrisburg, 2003-present;
    • Consulting Editor, Educational Technology Research and Development (ETR&D, Research and Development Sections), 2004-present;
    • Proposal Reviewer, Association of Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), 1991-present; Information Resources Management Association (IRMA), 2008-present;
    • International Committee Board, Association for e-Case and e-Tech, 2008-present;
    • Key Liaison, the Great Valley Chapter of the American Society for Training & Development (ASTD), the Great Valley Chapter of the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI),  and  Pennsylvania/Delaware/New Jersey Distance Learning Association (PADLA), 2007-present;
    • Board of Directors, Great Wall Chinese School, Villanova, PA, 2004-present;
    • Volunteer, Radnor School District, Radnor, PA, 2001-present;
    • Secretary, the International Council, 1999-2001; National Membership Committee, 1998-2001, Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT);
    • Regional Representative, Chinese American Educational Research and Development Association, 1996-2001;
    • Reviewer, master’s degree program, Instructional technology, Rowan University, NJ, March 2001;
    • Reviewer, medical coding skills programs, Reimbursement Technologies, Inc. Blue Bell, PA., June, 1996;
    • Reviewer, computer-based, distance instruction, American Institute for Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters, Insurance Institute of America, Malvern, PA., September, 1995.

Honors

    Teaching Excellence Award, Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies, 2010-2011.
    Distinguished Paper Award, International Conference on Accounting and Information Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, 2008.
    Leadership Award, the E-Learning Special Interest Group, the Philadelphia Chapter of the American Society for Training and Development (ASTD), 2008.
    Teaching Excellence Award, Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies, 2006-2007.

Education

    • Ph.D. - University of Texas at Austin, Instructional Technology
    • M.A. - University of Texas at Austin, Teaching English as a Foreign Language
    • B.A. - National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, English Literature

Courses

    • INSYS 415 - Systematic Instructional Development
    • INSYS 521 - Instructional Systems Analysis
    • INSYS 590 - Colloquium

Research Interests

    • Incorporation of cognitive learning theories into design, development, and implementation of computer-based instruction
    • Use of instructional system design models in instructional or training program design
    • Training programs that work for adult learners in business and industry
    • Human-machine interface design for effective multimedia learning

Citations

Publications in Refereed Journals          

 Lee, D., & Frenzelas, G., & Anders, C. (in press). Blended learning for employee training: Influencing factors and important considerations. International Journal of Instructional Media.

Lee, C-P., Shen, C-W., & Lee, D. (2008). The effect of multimedia instruction for Chinese learning. Learning, Media and Technology, 33(2). 127-138.

Lee, D., & Riordan, S. (2007). Handheld computers in K-12 schools: Uses, benefits and concerns. Journal of Leader University, 4(2), 114-124.
 
Choitz, P., & Lee, D. (2006). Designing asynchronous, text-based computer  conferences: Ten research-based suggestions. Performance Improvement  Quarterly, 19(3), 55-71.

Sosik, J. J., & Lee, D., & Bouquillon, E. A., & Lee, D. (2005). Context and mentoring: Examining formal and informal relationship in high tech firms and K-12 schools. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 12(2), 94-108.

Bouquillon, E. A., Sosik, J. J., & Lee, D. (2005). It’s only a phase: Examining trust, identification, and mentoring functions received across the mentoring phases. Mentoring & Tutoring, 13(2), 239-258.

Lee, D., & Chalmers, T. (2005).  Web-based training in corporations: Design issues.  International Journal of Instructional Media, 32(1), 27-35.

Chalmers, T., & Lee, D., (2004). Web-based training in corporations: organizational considerations.  International Journal of Instructional Media, 31(4), 345-354.

Lee, D. (2004). Web-based instruction in China : Cultural and pedagogical implications and challenges, Education Technology Research & Development, 52(1), 82-85.   (Reprinted in Asia-pacific Cybereducation Journal,1(1), 45-49, 2004).

Trombley, B. K., & Lee, D. (2002).   Web-based learning in corporations: Who is using it and why, who is not and why not?  Journal of Educational Media, 27(3), 137-46.

Van Buskirk, M. E., & Lee, D.  (2001). Knowledge management and employees.  International Journal of Lifelong Learning 6(3), 132-39.

Clariana, R. B., & Lee, D.  (2001).  Recognition and recall study tasks with feedback.  Educational Technology Research & Development, 49(3), 23- 36.

Nixon, E. K., & Lee, D.  (2001). Rapid prototyping in the instructional design process. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 24(3), 95-116.

DeBoard, D. R., & Lee, D.  (2001). Using an architectural metaphor for information design in hypertext. Journal of Educational Media, 26(1), 49-62.

Lee, D. (2000).  Incorporating adult learning characteristics and preferences into a CBI design course.  The Journal of Continuing Higher Education, 48(3), 24-30.

Lee, D., McCool, J., & Napieralski, L.  (2000).  Assessing adult learning preferences using the analytic hierarchy process.  International Journal of Lifelong Learning, 19(3), 548-560.

Lee, D.  (2000).  The effect of using a hypermedia learning model for a CBI design course.  Innovations in Education and Training International, 37(2), 120-128.

Lee, D.  (1999).  Using a staged-based, performance-centered computer learning model for instructional professionals.  The Journal of Continuing Higher Education, 48(3), 19-26.

Lee, D.  (1998).  The perceived usefulness and preferred methods of professionals in learning hypermedia.  International Journal of Instructional Media, 25(4), 399-406.

Lee, D., & Sabatino, K.  (1998).  Evaluating guided reflection:  A  U.S. case study.  International Journal of Training Development, 2(3), 162-170.

Lee, D.  (1997).  Factors influencing the success of computer skills learning among in-service teachers.  British Journal of Technology, 28(2), 139-141.

Lee, D.  (1994).  Effects of feedback types and questioning strategies on error correction in computer-based instruction.  Journal of Research in Education, 4(1), 37-42.

Lee, D.  (1994).  A systems approach to the design of a computer-based module for teaching BASIC.  Journal of Educational Training & Technology International, 31(1), 5-10.

Lee, D., & Dwyer, F. M.  (1994).  The effects of varied feedback strategies on students' cognitive and attitude development.  International Journal of Instructional Media, 21(1), 13-21.

Lee, D.  (1993).  Learning English as a foreign language:  The case for computer simulation.  British Journal of Educational Technology, 24(3), 221-222.

Publications in Refereed Conference Proceedings    

Lee, D., & Reich, M. (2005). Lean production and instructional design. Proceedings of 2005 ITRI International Conference on Innovation and Technology Management, 498-505.

Sosik, J.J., Lee, D. & Bouquillon, E. A. (2004). Context and mentoring:  Examining formal and informal relationships in high tech firms and K-12 Schools.  Proceedings of the Institute of Behavioral and Applied Management, 112-117.

Lee, D. (2004).  Designing effective web-based instruction for working Professionals: Research-based suggestions. 1st Workshop on Intelligent Web Technologies, 102-108.

Lee, D. (2001).  Web-based instruction in corporate America.  Proceedings of Selected Research and Presentation at the meeting of the Association for The Advancement of Computing in Education, 1687-1688.

Lee, D. (2001).  The effects of using adult learning preferences for trainers.  Presentation at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Atlanta , GA .

Lee, D.  (2000).  A survey study on corporate trainers’ experiences, attitudes and perceptions towards intranet-based training. Proceedings of the ICCE/ICCAI 2000, International Conference on Computer in Education/International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction, 2000, 1056-1057.

Lee, D.  (1998).  Analyzing influencing factors in hypermedia learning:  A case study.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1998, 631-634.

Lee, D.  (1997).  Teachers and trainers’ motivation and learning styles on creating hypermedia.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1997, 653-655.

Pan, A., & Lee, D.  (1997).  Factors that affect pre-service and in-service teachers’ learning about computers.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1997, 869-872.

Lee, D.  (1996).  Using ToolBook to create computer-based instruction:  Some  examples.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1996, 550-552.

Lee, D., & Pan, A.  (1996).  A hypertext course for in-service teachers: Using adult learning theories.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1996, 453-454.

Pan, A., & Lee, D.  (1996).  Using network instruction delivery system for effective instruction.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1996, 528-531.

Pan, A., & Lee, D.  (1995).  Teaching word processing to teachers: A working model.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1995, 567-570.

Lee, D.  (1994).  A model for training teachers to become independent hypermedia designers.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1994, 295-298.

Lee, D.  (1994).  A computer education model for in-service teachers.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1994, 292-294.

Lee, D.  (1992).  Providing more opportunities for error correction in courseware.  Technology and Teacher Education Annual 1992, 183-185.

Lee, D., Smith, P., & Savenye, W.  (1991).  The effects of feedback and second try on error correction.  Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1991 National Convention of the   Association for Educational Communications and Technology, 440-461.

Book Chapters

Edelstein, L., & Lee, D. (2008). Chapter CIX: Transferring Knowledge in a Knowledge-Based Economy in T. Torres-Coronas (ed.). Encyclopedia of Human Resources Information Systems: Challenges in e-HRM (2 Volumes). Hershey, PA: Idea Group, Inc. 

Lee, D., & Borland, S. (2007). Implementing computer-supported learning in corporations: Challenges and solutions. In Mdes Neto, F.M., (Ed.) Advances in Computer-Supported Learning, (pp. 228-249). Hershey, PA: Idea Group, Inc.

Non-Refereed Publications and Articles in In-House Organizations

Lee, D.  (1997).  Career women and their struggles.  World Journal, B-18.  (in Chinese).

Lee, D.  (1996).  My son.  World Journal, B-18.  (in Chinese).

Lee, D.  (1993).  The role of needs assessment in instruction and training.  New Wave: A Journal for Education Decision Makers in Taiwan, 9, 1-3.  (in Chinese).

Lee, D.  (1993).  Introducing the first annual conference of the Chinese American Educational Research and Development Association.  CAERDA Newsletter, 4, 6.  (in Chinese)

Lee, D.  (1992).  Quality courseware for facilitating teachers’ computer skills.  Proceedings of the 34th Annual International Conference of the Association for the Development of Computer-Based Instructional Systems, 3.

Lee, D.  (1991, January).  IBM consortium.  Hardcopy: The Newsletter for the  Learning Resources Center, 1.

Lee, D.  (1989, December).  Macintosh instruction and demonstration area.   Hardcopy: The Newsletter for the Learning Resources Center, 1.

Lee, D.  (1989, October).  Learning keyboarding skills and earn AAT credit.  Hardcopy: The Newsletter for the Learning Resources Center, 1.

Conference Presentations 

Lee, D., Hasan, J., & Edelstein-Henry, L. (2009, June). Knowledge transfer and learning management systems in the workplace. Paper Presentation at the Annual Knowledge Management in Organizations, Taipei, Taiwan.

Hasan, J. & Lee, D. (2008, November). Learning management systems.  Paper Presentation at the conference of the Pennsylvania/Delaware/New Jersey Distance Learning Association, Malvern, PA.

Tono, L. & Lee, D. (2008, November). Learning objects. Paper Presentation at the conference of the Pennsylvania/Delaware/New Jersey Distance Learning Association, Malvern, PA.

Lee, D. & Hasan, J. (2008, July). Learning management systems in corporations:  status and critical issues. Paper presentation at ICAIT 2008:  2008 Internation Conference on Accounting and Information Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.

Lee, D. (2007, November). E-Learning in corporations. Panel Presentation and Discussion at the annual conference of PA/DE/NJ Distance Learning Association, Malvern, PA.

Lee, D. (2007, August). A survey study on web-based training in corporations. Paper presented at the International Conference on e-Education, Hong Kong.

Bonner, J. M., & Lee, D. (2007, August). Blended learning: Design issues for corporate instructional designers. Paper presented at the International Conference on e-Education, Hong Kong.

Yu, A. H., Chick, G., Morais, D., Zinn, H, & Lee, D. (2007, April). Why do they study abroad? An exploratory study of motivation for college students to participate the study abroad program. Paper presented at the 2007 Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium, Bolton Landing, NY.

Lee, D. (2006, November). The design and learner factors affecting E-Learning in corporations. Paper presented at the annual conference of PA/DE/NJ Distance Learning Association, Malvern, PA.

Lee, D., & Borland, S. (2005, November). Implementing e-learning in corporations: Critical considerations. Paper presented at the annual conference of PA/DE/NJ Distance Learning Association, Malvern, PA.

Lee, D., & Reich, M. (2005, September). Lean production and instructional design. Paper presented at the 2005 ITRI International Conference on Innovation and Technology Management, HsinChu, Taiwan.

 Lee, D., Frenzelas, G., & Anders, C. (2005, August). E-learning and blended learning: Important trends in corporate training. Paper presented at the 2005 International Conference of Business and Operations Management, Huiwei, Taiwan.

Sosik, J.J., Lee, D. & Bouquillon, E.A. (2004). Context and mentoring: Examining formal and informal relationships in high tech firms and K-12 Schools.  Proceedings of the Institute of Behavioral and Applied Management, Providence, RI., Nov., 2004.

Sosik, J.J., Lee, D.Y., Bouquillon, E.A., & Chen, L.L. (2004) A survey study on mentoring relationship type and organizational context.  Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Chicago , IL., Oct., 2004.

Lee, D. (2004).  Designing effective web-based instruction for working professionals: Research-based suggestions. 1st Workshop on Intelligent Web Technologies, Taipei, Taiwan, Sept., 2004.

Lee, D., (2003).  The use of computer and web-based technologies in Chinese households: Expectations of parents and reality. Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim , CA., Oct., 2002.

Choitz, P., & Lee, D. (2003).  Designing Asynchronous, Text-based computer Conferencing in the corporate environment: Some research-basedSuggestions. Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Anaheim , CA., Oct., 2002.

Lee, D., & Ely, T. (2002, November).  Making web-based instruction more enjoyable for corporate trainers: Some suggestions.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Dallas , TX .

Tu, C., Lee, D., Lu, M. Y., Leh, A., Shih, M.Y. (October, 2002).  Transforming fresh Ph.D.s into tenured faculty: Opportunities and challenges for  international faculty in the US colleges.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology,  Dallas, TX . (Co-presenter, with three faculty members from San Jose State University, California State University, San Bernardino and University of Massachusetts, Amherst).

Lee, D., (2002, August).  The historical trends and future of web-based training in American corporation.  Invited presentation in Pingtung Teachers College .

Lee, D.  (2001, November).  Web-based instruction in corporate America.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, Seoul, Korea.

Lee, D.  (2001, November). The effects of using adult learning preferences for trainers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Atlanta , GA.

Tu, C., Lee, D., Lu, M. Y., Leh, A., Shih, M. Y. (November, 2001). Developing a competitive edge in an academic job search.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Atlanta, GA.   (Co-presenter, with three faculty members from San Jose State University, California State University, San Bernardino, and University of Massachusetts, Amherst).

Lee, D.   (2000, November).  A survey study on corporate trainers’ experiences, attitudes and perceptions towards intranet-based training.  Paper presented at the ICCE/ICCAI 2000, International Conference on  Computer in Education/International Conference on Computer-Assisted Instruction 2000, Taipei, Taiwan.

Lu, M. Y., Lee, D., Shih, M. Y., & A. Leh.  (2000, October).  Female faculty’s perspectives towards instructional technology .  Paper presented at the  meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Denver, CO.

Lee, D.  (2000, February). Corporate trainers’ attitude towards web-based training.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Long Beach, CA.

Carroselli, M., Laholt, P., & Lee, D.  (1999, November). Interns: Creating a win-win situation.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Pennsylvania Association of Educational Communication and Technology, Hershey, PA.

Lee, D., & Loughner, P.  (1999, February).  Evaluating computer-based  instruction for well-structured problem solving domain.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Houston, TX.

Lee, D.  (1998, March).  Analyzing influencing factors in hypermedia learning:  A case study.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Washington, DC.

Lee, D.  (1998, March).  Using a developmental view to design a computer literacy course.  Poster paper presented at the meeting of the Society for  Information Technology and Teacher Education, Washington, DC.

Lee, D.  (1998, February).  Identifying quality shareware for improving teachers and trainers’ problem-solving skills.   Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, St. Louis, MO.

Lee, D.  (1998, February).  Teachers and trainers’ motivation and learning styles on creating hypermedia.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, St. Louis,  MO.

Lee, D.  (1998, February).  Reflective practice for learning instructional design  principles.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, St. Louis, MO.

Lee, D.  (1997, April).  Teachers and trainers’ motivation and learning styles on creating hypermedia.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for  Information Technology and Teacher Education, Orlando, FL.

Pan, A., & Lee, D.  (1997, April).  Factors that affect pre-service and in-service teachers' learning about computers.   Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Orlando , FL.

Lee, D.  (1997, February).  Implementing computer-based training by using ToolBook:  Some examples .  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology,      Albuquerque, NM.

Lee, D.  (1997, February).  Integrating adult learning theories into a hypermedia learning course for trainers .  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Albuquerque, NM.

Bao, J., & Lee. D.  (1996, April-May).  Three models of incorporating technology in teacher training.  Paper presented at the meeting of the USA-SINO Teacher Education Consortium, Washington, DC.

Lee, D.  (1996, March).  Using ToolBook to create computer-based instruction:  Some examples.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for  Information Technology and Teacher Education, Phoenix/Mesa, AZ.

Lee, D., & Pan, A.  (1996, March).  A hypertext course for in-service teachers: Using adult learning theories.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Phoenix/Mesa, AZ.

Pan, A., & Lee, D.  (1996, March).  Using network instruction delivery system for effective instruction .  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Phoenix/Mesa, AZ.

Pan, A., & Lee, D.  (1995, March).  Teaching word processing to teachers:  A working model .  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Antonio, TX.

Lee, D.  (1994, March).  A model for computer education to in-service teachers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Washington, DC .

Lee, D.   (1994, March).  A model for training teachers to become independent  hypertext designers. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Washington, DC.

Lee, D.  (1994, February).  Guidelines for designing contextualized simulations  for learning English as a foreign language.  Paper presented at the  meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Nashville, TN.

Lee, D., & Ingram, P.  (1994, February).  Systematically train elementary teachers to use a whole language approach to teach reading.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Nashville, TN.

Lin, C. H., & Lee, D.  (1994, February).  Theoretical framework for hypertext: from an instructional designer’s point of view.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Educational Communications and Technology, Nashville, TN.

Lee, D.  (1994, February).  Data analysis procedures for an ethnographic study on the instructional computer use of in-service teachers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association, Sarasota, FL.                     

Lee, D.  (1994, February).  A five-staged model for teaching hypertext to teachers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Research Association, Sarasota, FL.

Lee, D.  (1994, February).  A developmental view of computer education to in-service teachers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Research Association, Sarasota, FL.

Lee, D.  (1993, November).  A model for hypertext training to in-service teachers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Pennsylvania Association of Educational Communication and Technology, Hershey, PA.

Lee, D.  (1993, March).  Teaching teachers to learn programming language of  BASIC:  Process and results.   Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, San Jose, CA.

Lee, D.  (1993, February).  Factors influencing the success of computer skills training to teachers.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Research Association, Clearwater Beach, FL.

Lee, D.  (1993, February).  Teachers' attitude toward using feedback for error correction in computer-assisted instruction.  Paper presented at the  meeting of the Eastern Research Association, Clearwater Beach, FL.

Lee, D.  (1992, November).  Quality courseware for facilitating teachers' computer skills.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for the  Development of Computer-Based Instructional System, Norfolk, VA.

Lee, D.  (1992, November).  Research findings on the design of an effective multimedia program for learning .  Paper presented at the meeting of the  Pennsylvania Association of Educational Communication and Technology, Hershey, PA.

Lee, D.  (1992, November).  Needs analysis:  A critical component in training program design.  Paper presented at the Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Lee, D.  (1992, May).  Appropriate user interface design:  The only way to make multimedia work.   Paper presented at the meeting of the Educational Technology and Innovation, Taipei, Taiwan.

Lee, D.  (1992, March).  Providing additional opportunities for error correction  in courseware.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Houston, TX.

Lee, D., Smith, P., & Savenye, W.  (1991, February).  The effects of feedback and second try on error correction.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Orlando, FL.